STTR differs from SBIR in three important aspects:

  1. The small business awardee and its partnering institution are required to establish an intellectual property agreement detailing the allocation of intellectual property rights and rights to carry out follow-on research, development or commercialization activities.

  2. STTR requires that the small business perform at least 40% of the R&D and a single partnering research institution perform at least 30% of the R&D.

  3. The STTR program allows the Principal Investigator to be primarily employed by the partnering research institution.

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